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Sample Questions

Listening

Source: www.ielts.org

Introduction:

Module format

IELTS Listening has four sections, each with 10 items (or questions). Each item is worth one mark. The items are designed so that the answers appear in order in the listening passage. During the test, time is given for candidates to read the questions and write down and check their answers. Answers are written on the Question Paper as candidates listen. When the tape ends, ten minutes are allowed for candidates to transfer their answers onto an Answer Sheet.

The table below provides a summary of IELTS Listening.

SECTION Topic Area Input Main Skill Focus Number of Questions
1. Social needs Conversation with a transactional purpose e.g. finding out about travel services Listening for and noting specific factual information 10
2. Social needs Monologue or prompted monologue with a transactional purpose e.g. giving information about a public event Listening for and noting specific factual information 10
3. Education and training Discussion between 2 - 4 people in an academic context, e.g. tutorial or seminar Following a conversation which involves negotiation of meaning. Listening for specific information, attitudes, and speakers' opinions 10
4. Education and training Monologue in an academic context e.g. Following an academic argument. Listening for main ideas, specific information, attitude and speaker's opinion 10

Answer format

Candidates write their answers on an answer sheet.

Timing

Approximately 30 minutes plus 10 minutes transfer time.

Marks

Each question carries one mark, giving a total of 40 marks.

Listening texts

The first two sections are concerned with social needs. There is a dialogue between two speakers, for example a conversation about travel arrangements, and then a monologue, for example a recording about museum opening times.
The final two sections are concerned with situations related more closely to educational or training contexts. There is a conversation between up to four people, for example a conversation between a tutor and a student about an assignment, and then a further monologue, for example a lecture of general academic interest.

Task types

A variety of task types is used. The principal task types are:

Task Type 1 Forms/Notes/Table/Flow-chart/Summary Completion
Task Type 2 Multiple Choice
Task Type 3 Short-answer Questions
Task Type 4 Sentence Completion
Task Type 5 Labelling a Diagram/Plan/Map
Task Type 6 Classification
Task Type 7 Matching

Recordings

Each section is played ONCE only. The recordings include a range of accents, including British, Australian, New Zealand and American.

 

Question type 1 : Form/Notes/Table/Flow-chart/Summary Completion

What are candidates required to do?
Candidates have to fill in gaps in an outline of part or all of the listening text. The outline will focus on the main ideas in the text.
In all cases except the summary, note form can be used when completing the gaps. This means that articles, auxiliary verbs etc. may be omitted when they are not necessary for the meaning. A summary is written in connected sentences and so it must be grammatically correct.

What variations are there on this task type?
The outline may be
1. a form : often used to record factual details such as names.
2. a set of notes: used to summarise any type of information using the layout to show how different items relate to one another.
3. a table: used as a way of summarising information which relates to clear categories - e.g. place/time/price.
4. a flow-chart: used to summarise a process which has clear stages. The direction of the process is shown by arrows.
5. a flow-chart: used to summarise a process which has clear stages. The direction of the process is shown by arrows.

Candidates may have to

• select their answers from a list on the Question Paper.

• identify the missing words from the recording which fit into the form/notes etc. In this case, they should not change the words from the recording in any way, and should keep to the word limit stated in the instructions.

How many words or numbers can be used to fill the gaps?
Candidates should read the instructions very carefully as the number of words or numbers they should use to fill the gaps will vary.

Question type 2 : Multiple Choice

What are candidates required to do?
There is a question or a sentence beginning followed by three possible answers or sentence endings. Candidates have to choose the one correct answer A, B or C.

What form do the questions take?
They may involve sentence completion - the stem gives the first part of a sentence and candidates choose the best way to complete it from the options. The stem could also be worded as a complete question, with the candidates choosing the option which best answers it.

What variations are there on this task type?
Sometimes candidates are given a longer list of possible answers and told that they have to choose more than one. In this case they should read the question carefully to check how many answers are required.

What skills are being tested?
Multiple Choice items are used to test a wide range of skills. They may require the candidate to have a detailed understanding of specific points or an overall understanding of the main points of the listening text.

Question type 3 : Short-answer Questions

What are candidates required to do?
Candidates read a question to which they have to write a short answer using information from the listening text. A word limit is given, usually no more than three words and/or a number. (Candidates should check this carefully for each task.)

What variations are there on this task type?
Sometimes candidates are given a question which asks them to list two or three points.

Are candidates penalised for writing more than the stated number of words?
Yes. If candidates write more than the number of words asked for, they will lose the mark even if their answer includes the correct word(s).

What about contractions or hyphenated words?
Contracted words will not be tested. Hyphenated words count as single words.

Question type 4 : Sentence Completion

What are candidates required to do?
Candidates read a set of sentences summarising key information from all the listening text or from one part of it. They have to complete a gap in each sentence using information from the listening text. They usually have to write no more than three words and/or a number.

How are candidates asked to write their answers?
The words should be taken directly from the listening text and written in the space on their Question Paper to be transferred later.

Are candidates penalised for writing more than the stated number of words?
Yes. If candidates write more than the number of words asked for, they will lose the mark even if their answer includes the correct word(s).

What about contractions, or hyphenated words?
The rules for Short-answer Questions also apply here. Contracted words will not be tested. Hyphenated words count as single words.

Question type 5 : Labelling a Diagram/Plan/Map

What are candidates required to do?
Candidates have to complete labels on a visual. The answers are usually selected from a list on the Question Paper. Candidates should transfer the letter of the option they have selected to the Answer Sheet in the time allowed.

What variations are there on this activity?
The visual may be
• a diagram (e.g. a piece of equipment)
• a set of pictures
• a plan (e.g. of a building)
• a map (e.g. of part of a town)

Question type 6 : Classification

What are candidates required to do?
Candidates have to match a numbered list of items from the listening text to a set of criteria.

What skills are being tested?
This task type is designed to test candidates' ability to recognize relationships and connections between facts in the listening text, and is most often used with texts dealing with factual information. Candidates need to be able to listen for detail.

Question type 7 : Matching

What are candidates required to do?
Candidates have to match a numbered list of items from the listening text to a set of items in a box.

What variations are there in this task type?
Many variations of this task type are possible as far as the type of options to be matched are concerned.


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Academic Reading

Source: www.ielts.org

Introduction:

Module format
IELTS Academic Reading has 3 passages and 40 items (questions). The number of items for any one passage may vary. Each item is worth one mark.
The texts and items appear in Question Booklets.

Answer format
Candidates record their responses on Answer Sheets.

Timing
IELTS Academic Reading takes 60 minutes to complete. Candidates are not given extra time to transfer their answers onto the Answer Sheet. They should do this as they work through the test.

Marks
One mark is awarded for each correct answer.

Texts
The passages used in the test are based on authentic texts, and are taken from sources such as magazines, journals, books and newspapers. They are designed to present the candidate with materials similar to those which they might need to read on a university course. Passages may also contain non-verbal material such as diagrams, graphs, illustrations etc. The passages may be written in a variety of styles, for example narrative, descriptive or discursive/argumentative. They deal with issues which are interesting, recognisably appropriate, and accessible to candidates entering postgraduate or undergraduate courses or seeking professional registration. At least one of the passages will contain detailed argument.

Length
The total word count for the three passages is between 2000 and 2750 words.

Task Types
There are 10 basic task types,some with possible variations. They are:

Task Type 1 Multiple Choice

Task Type 2 Short-answer Questions

Task Type 3 Sentence Completion

Task Type 4 Notes, Summary or Table/Flow-chart Completion

Task Type 5 Labelling a Diagram

Task Type 6 Choosing Headings for Paragraphs or Sections of a Text

Task Type 7 Locating Information

Task Type 8 Identification of Writer's Views/Claims or of Information in a Text

Task Type 9 Classification

Task Type 10 Matching

Tips:

• Remember to read the instructions carefully. The instructions will tell you where to find the answers, what you need to do, what kind of answer is required, and how many words you need to write. The instructions will also tell you if an option can be used more than once, and will remind you to transfer your answers to your Answer Sheet.

• Remember that the questions for certain task types follow the order of information in the reading passage.

• Remember to read all the questions very carefully.

• Practise scanning for key words in the extracts or the reading passage that match the items. You can also practise scanning for paraphrases of key words.

• Remember that in most tasks which involve writing words or numbers, e.g. Short-answer Questions, the answers have to be grammatically correct and spelt correctly. Accuracy in spelling and word form are very important and you will be penalised for incorrect spelling.

• Use the information provided in the notes, tables, diagrams or flow-charts, as well as any examples, to predict the type of information that is required.

• In classroom activities, discuss the type of information you need for each task type you might meet in the test.

• Underline key words and phrases when you read as well as paying attention to key words in the questions.

• Practise using synonyms, summary words etc. to help you locate information.

• Practise different ways of expressing the same ideas or information in a text.

• Practise reading skills such as skimming and scanning for information.

• Some students are convinced that only test practice will really help them, and want to do test after test. This can be discouraging, as they do not see the rapid progress they would like. You should read widely, e.g. newspapers, journals, magazines and books, and use materials from these sources when preparing for the test.

• Be aware of the different text types and how best to approach them. Practise the full range of IELTS Academic Reading task types. Take time in class to discuss the differences between task types and the skills that are being tested.

• You should make sure that you understand that there is more than one way to read a text. Some students believe that they must read every text slowly and carefully, underlining every unknown word and stopping to worry about it. You should remember that your main aim is to locate the answers to the questions. You do not need to read in the same way you would if you needed to memorise something. You should try not to worry too much about the presence of unknown words, and you should also practise guessing meaning from context. Try not to look up every unknown word in the dictionary.

• Make sure that you read the instructions carefully in every case: many task types contain variations, and it is easy for you to confuse them if you do not check carefully what it is you are required to do.

• You should remain conscious of time limits during the test, and you should move on rather than spending too much time on a particular question to which you are unable to find the answer.

• Be aware of the dangers of relying on locating the exact words in the text that you find in a question: practise using paraphrases and locating paraphrase in a text.

• In task types where the information is located in order in the text, remember you don' t need to go back to the beginning of the text for each question.

• Take care when you need to copy a word or words from the text onto your Answer Sheet. Copying incorrectly will lead to loss of marks.

• Make sure that you get some practice in using an Answer Sheet.


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General Training Reading

General Training Reading

Source: www.ielts.org

Introduction:
Module format
IELTS General Training Reading has three sections of increasing difficulty and 40 items (questions). Section 1 has 14 items and sections 2 and 3 have 13 items each.

Section 1 may contain 2 or 3 short texts or several shorter texts such as advertisements, Section 2 usually comprises 2 texts and in Section 3 there is 1 long text. The texts vary in topic and text type and are graded with the most difficult appearing in Section 3.

The texts and items appear in Question Booklets.

Answer format
Candidates record their responses on Answer Sheets.

Timing
IELTS General Training Reading takes 60 minutes to complete. Candidates are not given extra time to transfer their answers onto the Answer Sheet.

Marks
One mark is awarded for each correct answer.

Texts
Texts for the first Section are taken from notices, advertisements, timetables, publicity material and similar sources. Texts for the second Section are taken from college prospectuses, course summaries, guides to libraries, rules and regulations and similar sources. Texts for the third Section are taken from newspapers, magazines or journal articles, fictional or non-fictional book extracts and similar sources.

Length
The texts have a total word count of approximately 2,400 words.

Task Types

Task Type 1   Multiple Choice
Task Type 2   Multiple Matching
Task Type 3   Short-answer Questions
Task Type 4   Sentence Completion
Task Type 5   Notes/Table/Diagram/Flow-chart Completion
Task Type 6   Summary Completion
Task Type 7   Choosing Headings for Paragraphs or Sections of a Text标题
Task Type 8   Locating Information
Task Type 9   Identification of Writer' s Views, Claims or Information in the Text信息
Task Type 10   Classification
Task Type 11    Matching

Question type 1 : Multiple Choice
What are candidates required to do?
Candidates are asked to choose the best answer from four alternatives A, B, C or D, and to write the letter of the answer they have chosen on the Answer Sheet.

What form do the questions take?
They may involve sentence completion - the stem gives the first part of a sentence and candidates choose the best way to complete it from the options. The stem could also be worded as a complete question, with the candidates choosing the option which best answers it.

Are there any variations of this item type?
Sometimes there may be more than four alternative answers, and candidates may have to pick more than one correct answer. There may also be a global multiple choice question at the end of the set of questions, asking candidates to choose the most suitable title for the reading passage, for example.

Are the questions in text order?
The questions are in the same order as the information in the passage.

What text type is this item type used with?
It may be used with any text type.

What skills are being assessed?
Multiple Choice items are used to test a wide range of reading skills. They may require the candidate to have a detailed understanding of specific points or an overall understanding of the main points of the text.

Answer key:

1 D // trends in population and lifestyle
2 B // 18 per cent
3 B // developing new gasification techniques
4 A // more cleanly and more effectively

Question type 2 : Multiple Matching
What are candidates required to do?
In this item type, candidates are given a number of options, and they must match the options provided in the items to extracts or to paragraphs or sections of the passage. The extracts, sections or paragraphs are identified by letter. It is possible that some options may go unused, and/or that others may be used more than once. The instructions will inform candidates if an option may be used more than once.

What skill is this item type designed to test?
This item type is designed to test the candidates’ ability to skim and scan in order to identify specific information.

Answer key:

1. B
2. E
3. E
4. C
5. D
6. B
7. A
8. D

Question type 3 : Short-answer Questions
What are candidates required to do?
For questions that require short answers, candidates have to answer questions about details in the passage. Candidates must write their answers in words or numbers on the Answer Sheet as instructed.

Candidates are usually told to answer each question USING NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS AND/OR A NUMBER from the text. Sometimes candidates are instructed to use just one word or no more than two words or four words. The instructions may also ask for a number or numbers on their own. Numbers can be written using figures or words.

Are candidates penalised for writing more than the stated number of words?
Yes. If candidates write more than the number of words asked for, they will lose the mark even if their answer includes the correct word(s).

What about contractions or hyphenated words?
Contracted words will not be tested. Hyphenated words count as single words.

What skills are tested by this item type?
The candidate needs to be able to skim through the text to find the appropriate section, scan for the relevant lines and then read for detail.

Are the questions in text order?
The questions are usually arranged so that the answers appear in order in the passage.

Answer key:

4. pieces of metal
5. (on) the bottom
6. $5
7. (the) Retailing Manager
8. $50,000

Question type 4 : Sentence Completion
What are candidates required to do?
There are two variations of this item type.
• Type A: candidates are asked to complete the sentence in a given number of words taken from the text.
• Type B: candidates are given the first half of a sentence based on the text and asked to complete it from a list of possible options. They may be told that they can use an option more than once.

In Type A candidates will be told in the instructions the maximum number of words that they can use to complete the sentence. The instructions for this type usually state ‘NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS AND/OR A NUMBER’, but sometimes they may call for one word, two words or four words. Numbers can be written as figures or words.

In Type B candidates will have to choose the best option from a list. Candidates will have more options to choose from than there are questions.

Is it possible to use grammatical clues when matching beginnings with endings?
Not usually. In most cases where the candidate is required to match sentence beginnings with sentence endings, all the endings are grammatically possible. The candidate must decide which ending is correct according to meaning.

Does the information being tested come in the same order as in the passage?
Yes.

How are candidates asked to write their answers?
Where candidates are required to supply the words to complete the sentence, the words should be taken directly from the passage and written in the space on their Answer Sheet as they work through the questions. When choosing an answer from a box of possible answers, candidates should write the letter of their chosen answer on the Answer Sheet.

Are candidates penalised for writing more than the required number of words?
Yes. If candidates write more than the number of words asked for, they will lose the mark even if their answer includes the correct words.

What about contractions, or hyphenated words?
The rules relating to Short-answer questions also apply here. Contracted words will not be tested. Hyphenated words count as single words.

Answer key:

38. the feeding dish
39. the food (source)
40. the sun

Question type 5 : Completion of Notes/Tables/Flow-charts
What are candidates required to do?
There are two types of task. In both types the candidate is required to fill gaps in notes or a table or a flow-chart with a word or words. In the first type the candidate is required to choose a word or phrase from words and phrases provided in a box. There are always more words or phrases in the box than there are gaps to fill. In the second type there is no box with words. The candidate is required to choose a word or phrase from the text to fill the gap.

How many words or numbers can be used to fill the gaps?
If the candidates are required to choose words and/or numbers from the passage to complete the gaps, the instructions will indicate clearly whether they should choose one word only, no more than two, or three, four etc.

Do the answers occur in order in the passage?
Not necessarily. However, the answers will sometimes come from one section rather than the entire passage.

What text type is most often used with this item type?
This item type often relates to precise factual information, and so is often (but not always) used with descriptive texts.

What skills are being assessed?
The candidates need to be able to skim and scan the passage in order to be able to locate the required information.

Answer key:

33. transmitted (electronically)
34. (photographic) film/negative(s)
35. (aluminium) printing plates
36. programmed
37. damaged paper/wrapping
38. weighed
39. paster robot(s)
40. storage area

Question type 6 : Summary Completion
What are candidates required to do?
There are two types of summary completion task. In both types the candidate is required to fill gaps in a summary with a word or words. In the first type the candidate is required to choose a word or phrase from words and phrases provided in a box. There are always more words or phrases in the box than there are gaps in the summary. In the second type there is no box with words. The candidate is required to choose a word or phrase from the text to fill the gap.

How many words can be used to fill the gap?
If the candidates are required to choose words and/or numbers from the passage to complete the gaps, the instructions will indicate clearly whether they should choose one word only, no more than two, or three, four etc.

Do the answers occur in order in the passage?
Not necessarily. However, the answers will sometimes come from one section rather than the entire passage.

What type of text is this item type used with?
In IELTS General Training Reading, summary completion tasks are most likely to be used with passages in Section 3, though they may be used in other sections too.

Do the summaries summarise the whole text or just part of it?
The summaries may summarise the whole passage or they may summarise just part of it. Sometimes a heading is provided for the summary. This can help the candidate locate the part of the passage to which the summary refers.

What skills are being assessed?
Summary completion item types covering the whole passage are likely to test candidates' ability to identify main ideas. Summary completion covering a smaller part of the passage is more likely to test the candidates'ability to identify supporting details.

Answer key:

20. Halls of Residence
21. four weeks
22. highly qualified
23. (Waikato) Students'Union
24. (Waikato) river

Question type 7:Choosing Headings for Paragraphs or Sections of a Text
What are candidatesrequired to do?

A ‘bank’ of headings is supplied for a passage that comprises a number of paragraphs or sections. Candidates are required to match the appropriate heading with the paragraph or section it belongs to.

How many paragraphs or sections must candidates identify headings for?
Usually candidates are asked to match no more than seven or eight headings. The passage may have more paragraphs or sections than this, but some of the headings may be given as examples.

Are the number of headings supplied equal to the number of paragraphs or sections?
In this item type there are always more headings supplied than there are paragraphs or sections, so the candidate needs to choose very carefully.

Is it possible to use one of the headings more than once?
Each heading should be used once only.

What skills are being assessed?
This item type tests candidates’ ability to distinguish main ideas from supporting detail.

Answer key:

27. v // Split location for newspaper production
28. vii // Getting the newspaper to the printing centre
29. iv // The LGVs'main functions
30. i // Robots working together
31. viii // Controlling the robots
32. iii // Looking ahead

Question type 8:Locating Information
What are the candidates required to do?
A list with items of information is provided. Candidates are required to identify the section or paragraph in the passage in which that information can be found.

What kind of information might candidates be asked to find?
Candidates may be asked to find
• specific details
• an example of some kind
• the reason for event, change etc
• a description
• a comparison
• a summary
• an explanation
• other

Will candidates need to find information in every paragraph of the text?

Not necessarily.

Is it possible to identify a section or paragraph more than once?
There may be more than one piece of information that candidates need to locate in a given paragraph. When this is the case, the candidates will be told that they can use a paragraph more than once.

What skills are being assessed?
This Question type tests candidates’ ability to identify specific information within sections or paragraphs.
Do the questions follow the same order as the information in the text?
No. In this Question type the questions do not follow the same order as the information in the text.

Sample questions
Questions 28 – 32
The text on pages 10 and 11 has seven paragraphs, A-G.
Which paragraph contains the following information?
Write the correct letter, A-G, in boxes 28-32 on your answer sheet.
NB You may use any letter more than once.

28. an explanation of Paynton's business techniques
29. an account of public reactions to the solar exhibition
30. reasons why participants could not agree on arrangements for the exhibition
31. a recommendation that Paynton considered useful
32. an analysis of contemporary business practice

Question type 9:Identification of Writer’s Views, Claims or Information in the Text
What are candidates required to do?
The candidate is presented with a list of statements. If the statements are opinions or attitudes, the candidate is asked if the statements agree with or reflect the views or claims of the writer. The choice of answers in this case is either ‘yes’, ‘no’ or ‘not given’. If the statements concern factual information, the candidate is asked if the statements agree with the information in the text. The choice of answers in this case is ‘true’, ‘false’ or ‘not given’.

What skills are tested in this item type?
This item type tests a variety of reading skills including skimming and scanning and reading for detail.

Answer key:

14. NOT GIVEN
15. TRUE
16. TRUE
17. FALSE
18. NOT GIVEN
19. TRUE
20. TRUE

Question type 10:Classification
What are candidates required to do?
With this item type, candidates are presented with a number of pieces of information and a number of categories each of which is represented by one or more letters. The candidates are required to assign each piece of information to one of the possible categories based on common features.

What is this item type designed to test?
This item type is designed to test candidates’ ability to recognize relationships and connections between facts in the passage, and is most often used with texts dealing with factual information; for example descriptive texts. Candidates need to be able to skim and scan the passage in order to locate the required information and to read the detail.

Sample questions
Example 1
Questions 6 – 10
Classify the the following parts of the business as being located in

A. Britain
B. Germany
C. India

Write the correct letters, A, B or C, in boxes 6-10 on your answer sheet

6. manufacturing plant
7. head office
8. research and development
9. warehouses
10. marking department

Example 2
Questions 1 – 4
Classify the following characteristics as belonging to

A. male readers
B. female readers
C. both male and female readers

Write the correct letter, A, B or C, in boxes 1-4 on your answer sheet.

1. a preference for a particular type of novel
2. unpredictable reading habits
3. an unwillingness to use library facilities
4. the random selection of reading material

Question type 11:Matching
What are candidates required to do?
Candidates are presented with a number of items, which may be theories, statements, names of people, places, things etc. The candidates need to match each of these items with one option from a list of options. The list of options will also form a coherent set of theories, statements, names of people, places, things etc.

Is it possible to choose an item more than once?
The instructions will advise the candidate when it is possible to choose an option more than once.

What skills are being tested?
This item type tests candidates’ ability to skim and scan as well as to understand main ideas in a section of the passage.

Answer key:

34. A // France
35. C // USA
36. H // Italy
37. C // USA
38. A // France
39. F // Japan
10. D // Denmark

Click here to see sample questions

Tips:
• Remember to read the instructions carefully. The instructions will tell you where to find the answers, what you need to do, what kind of answer is required and how many words you need to write. The instructions will also tell you whether an answer can be used more than once and remind you to transfer your answers to the Answer Sheet.
• Remember that for many item types the questions follow the order of information in the reading passage.
• Remember to read all the questions very carefully.
• Practise scanning for key words in the extracts or the reading passage that match the items. You can also practise scanning for paraphrases of key words.
• Remember that in most cases, e.g. Short-Answer Questions, the answers have to be grammatically correct and should be spelt correctly. Accuracy in spelling and word form are very important and you will be penalised for incorrect spelling.
• In most cases, the words you need to write will be in the text you are reading so copy them carefully on to your Answer Sheet. Copying incorrectly will lead to loss of marks.
• Remember that in Sentence Completion tasks, you must focus on the meaning when choosing the correct ending.
• Use the information provided in the notes, tables, diagrams or flow-charts as well as any examples to predict the type of information that is required.
• In classroom activities, discuss the type of information you need for each item type.
• Underline key words and phrases when you read as well as paying attention to key words in the questions.
• Practise synonyms, summary words etc. to help you locate information.
• Practise different ways of expressing the same ideas or information in a text.
• Think about what certain pieces of information have in common – shared features – and what distinguishes them from each other.
• Practise reading skills such as skimming and scanning for information.
• Some students are convinced that only test practice will really help them, and want to do test after test. This can be discouraging, as they do not see the rapid progress they would like. You should also read widely, e.g. newspapers, journals, magazines and books, and use materials from these sources when preparing for the test.
• Be aware of the different text types and how best to approach them. Practise the full range of IELTS General Training Reading item types.
• You should make sure that you understand that there is more than one way to read a text. Some students believe that they must read every text slowly and carefully, underlining every unknown word and stopping to worry about it. You should remember that your main aim is to locate the answers to the questions. You do not need to read in the same way you would if you needed to memorise something. You should try not to worry too much about the presence of unknown words, and you should also practise guessing meaning from context. Try not to look up every unknown word in the dictionary.
• Make sure that you read the instructions carefully in every case: many item types contain variations, and it is easy for you to confuse them if you do not check carefully what it is you are required to do.
• You should remain conscious of time limits, and you should move on rather than spend too much time on a particular question to which you are unable to find the answer.
• Be aware of the dangers of relying on locating the exact words in the text that you find in a question: practise using paraphrases and locating paraphrase in a text.
• In task types where the information is located in order in the text, remember you don’t need to go back to the beginning of the text for each question.
• Make sure that you get some practice in using an Answer Sheet.

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